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Plum tree variety
The plum tree is commonly grown in orchards, thanks to its production of delicious fruits; there are different varieties that can best adapt to the climate and the type of exposure. It must be said that European varieties generally have very different characteristics compared to eastern ones. European plums can be grown in a wider climate area, going from rather cold climates, with harsh winter temperatures, to areas with very high summer temperatures. It must be said that plants of this kind have a good adaptability to different types of soil and can be successfully cultivated even in areas with compact soils. But let's better understand what the most common varieties of plum trees are.
Plant of medium-high vigor, of high and constant productivity. The fruit has a spheroidal-ellipsoidal shape, of small dimensions. The quality of taste is good. The fruit as well as fresh consumption is also suitable for processing (in particular for drying). It is a self-compatible cultivar that however takes advantage of cross-pollination.
Tree of high vigor and productivity. Medium-large fruit, oblong, dark purple in color and with good taste qualities. It is a typology of Italian origin with good rusticity. The plant develops with a regular bearing. The fruit pulp is very firm, yellow in color; this fruit is consumed fresh or used for the production of jams. It is an early maturing plum, in fact it can be harvested after the first fifteen days of June.
Tree of high vigor, expanded and rapid growth habit. The round-shaped fruit is medium-sized, purplish red with yellow flesh. The flesh is soft and juicy, with a high sugar content. Given the high productivity, it is often necessary to thin the fruit to obtain a satisfactory caliber; the plant's productivity usually remains constant over the years.
Tree with upright growth, medium-high vigor. The fruit has a large elongated shape. It is one of the most commonly cultivated varieties in the European territories, given its constant productivity and good quality. The color of the fruit tends to dark purple, while the pulp is light yellow. It is a plum that ripens in the first days of September. Very used for fresh consumption but also for the production of preparations. It is a firm plum that is also suitable for storage and transport.Blue Queen Claudia
Very old variety but still widespread due to the good qualities of the fruits that are blue-yellow with very fragrant greenish pulp, tasty and sweet. Excellent both for fresh consumption and for the production of jams. Ripens at the end of July. The fruits have a round shape.
Shiro drop Gold
Tree of high vigor, with an expanded habit, of high and constant productivity. Yellow-green fruit of moderate taste. It is also known as "Goccia d'oro". The ripening of these plums takes place in July. The fruits are roundish of medium-large dimensions and with yellow flesh.
Plant of medium vigor, high and constant productivity. It is self-compatible but still benefits from cross-pollination. Fruit of medium size, of ellipsoid elongated shape with good taste qualities. It is a dual-purpose cultivar, suitable for both fresh consumption and processing.