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Growing leaf celery does not take much time and money, and the benefits are very large. Celery is a source of vitamins, minerals, serves as a good antioxidant, recommended for hypertensive patients and people with metabolic disorders.
- Features of growing leaf celery
- Rules for growing leaf celery
- The main mistakes when growing celery
Features of growing leaf celery
First, note that in addition to the leaf, there are also petiole and root varieties. But it is the leaf that is used fresh for making salads. Experienced gardeners have long noticed that growing celery from seeds is very troublesome and unprofitable. This culture gives an insignificant percentage of germination.
And the seeds are too small to be accurately and proportionally introduced into the soil.
Correctly selected seeds are also an important aspect in growing a vegetable crop. Therefore, you should purchase them in specialized stores, packaged by the company, the impression of which has already formed. Otherwise, a very unpleasant event may occur - the seeds will not give any germination, and time will already be lost.
If you intend to grow a crop for seeds in your own garden, it is worth remembering that you need to purchase ordinary varietal seeds. Hybrid ones, although they give a larger yield, will have to be purchased annually in the store, since the seeds do not retain their parental properties.
Rules for growing leaf celery
Celery is a fairly undemanding crop and growing its seedlings shouldn't be a big deal. Seeds treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate are soaked in water at room temperature for several days before sowing. To do this, you need to put them between two rags and make sure that they are constantly wet.
Before sowing, the seeds are dried and mixed with sand in a ratio of one to ten. You don't have to do this procedure - it just makes sowing easier. After all, the grains are so small that you cannot see where they got into the ground, and where they are not yet. In this case, the sand will be a beacon, making it possible to sow the entire required area.
For celery seedlings, it is best to take a soil mixture consisting of the same parts of turf and humus, with a little sand. Celery does not like acidic soil and therefore the soil prepared for seedlings must be deoxidized.
Lime is most often used for this. Celery is sown in rows, the distance between which is 5-10 centimeters. Sprinkle lightly on top with peat or humus. It is important not to overdo it with the thickness of the top layer - heavily dusted seeds will not sprout.
Leafy celery sprouts for a very long time - up to three weeks. When the plant has two true leaves, it should be dived. Picking is planting plants in separate containers with soil, where they will grow before being transferred to the ground. The soil in which celery has sprouted is no longer enough for it to develop correctly.
It becomes simply cramped for him there. For transplant, you can use disposable cups, cut plastic bottles and other available material.
To minimize the traumatic effect on the root system, you should shed the soil well before diving. In the soil where the plant is transplanted, you need to make a hole with your finger or a stick to the depth of the root and carefully, aligning the underground part vertically, plant celery. Mandatory watering immediately after planting. Two weeks before planting in open ground, it is advisable to feed the seedlings with nitrophos in the proportion of a tablespoon to a bucket of water.
Unlike root celery, where it is extremely important not to miss the transplant time, so that the tuber is formed correctly, leaf celery can be planted in open ground at the age of one and a half to two months. It should have four to five well-developed leaves. The most optimal period for planting seedlings in the ground is the beginning of May.
It is possible a little earlier to quickly get fragrant greens to the table. Do not worry if it is not yet warm enough - celery is cold-resistant, easily tolerates small frosts.
The main mistakes when growing celery
In order for celery seeds to sprout friendly shoots, some of the often repeated mistakes of its cultivation should be excluded:
- Failure to comply with the temperature regime. In order for the plant to sprout, a certain temperature regime is required. With regard to celery, it is extremely important to maintain a temperature balance of 18-20 degrees.
- Improper watering. Small seeds are very quickly washed off by streams of water, and barely sprouted seedlings are nailed to the ground and can no longer rise if the plants are watered from a watering can. Celery requires frequent watering, it is better to carry it out in a pan or through a fine sieve. Some gardeners practice watering with a syringe directly into the soil near the seedlings.
- Irregular watering. Celery is a moisture-loving plant and is very sensitive to a lack of moisture in the soil. This threatens the poor development of the plant.
- Seedlings are too deep when diving. The central bud covered with soil will not sprout, the growth of the plant will slow down or stop altogether.
- Insufficient lighting. The first signs of a lack of light are pale, highly elongated plants. Since seeds for seedlings are usually sown in late February, early March, when the length of the day is still insufficient for the plants to receive the required amount of light, it is necessary to take care of additional lighting.
- Lack of hardening before planting in open ground. No matter how healthy and strong the seedlings look, they should be hardened before planting in open ground. All containers must be taken out of the room to the open air for several days. A transplant, although sparing, with a clod of earth is still an injury to the plant. And compounded by the need to adapt to external weather conditions can significantly slow down the growth and development of celery seedlings.
Celery is the most commonly used herb in food and preservation. It is popular on all continents, except that it is not in Antarctica. And then only because of the peculiarities of the climate, but not at all from the lack of popularity.
See how to plant celery seedlings in the video: