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The camphor tree plays an important role in modern medicine, as it relates to essential oils. Another name for this medicinal plant is camphor laurel.
Camphor laurel and its oil are used for medical and cosmetic purposes, in veterinary medicine and aromatherapy.
- Description of camphor laurel
- Properties and uses of camphor
- When camphor cannot be used
Description of camphor laurel
Camphor laurel is an evergreen tree of the Laurel family. It can reach a height of up to 50 meters.
The diameter of the tree trunk is 5 meters. The bark is rough, it can be light gray or dark gray. The buds of the plant are ovoid with multiple scales. The flowers of the medicinal plant are small, yellow.
The leaves of camphor laurel are alternately elliptical, leathery and pointed at the top.
On them you can find multiple translucent dots, which contain essential oil. Most camphor oil is found in the lower part of the tree trunk.
To obtain camphor (colorless crystals), the tree is cut down, roots, shoots, and leaves are crushed. After that, it is ground into powder.
Next, the powder is subjected to steam distillation, resulting in an essential oil. Natural camphor is obtained by cooling the essential oil.
The oily liquid with a strong camphor odor can be pale yellow or even colorless. The resulting natural oil is used in medicine, and the white oil in aromatherapy.
Properties and uses of camphor
The essential oil obtained from camphor tree is used for various purposes. Camphor is used to control pests and insects and moths.
Camphor laurel has many beneficial properties. For medicinal purposes, the medicinal plant has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, decongestant, expectorant, analgesic, emollient properties.
Camphor oil and camphor are used to treat:
- Rheumatic diseases
- Muscle pain
- Congestive lung processes
- Heart failure
Camphor laurel improves blood circulation and pulmonary blood flow, stimulates the vasomotor center, relieves nasal congestion, promotes sputum separation, and removes from fainting and shock.
Some oral care products also contain camphor oil. Camphor helps relieve gum inflammation and improve blood circulation. Camphor oil can also effectively deal with the phenomenon of bad breath.
Camphor helps with collapse, infections, pneumonia, intoxication with some sleeping pills. It has an exciting effect on the respiratory and vasomotor centers of the brain.
For cosmetic purposes, camphor laurel has anti-inflammatory, cooling and soothing properties. After applying the oil to the skin, itching, inflammation and irritation disappear.
Camphor helps to get rid of skin diseases, regulates the sebaceous glands. As a tonic, camphor oil has a beneficial effect on the skin, refreshes and rejuvenates it and promotes cell metabolism.
The oil has a beneficial effect on hair and eyelashes, helps to strengthen and restore brittle, dry and damaged hair.
Camphor oil is effectively used in aromatherapy. Its beneficial properties affect the psycho-emotional state of a person: it helps to relax, relieve fatigue, lethargy.
Healing oil can be used not only for medicinal purposes, but also for prophylactic purposes, for massage, rubbing, etc.
For external use, camphor is used as an antiseptic, anti-itch and burns, frostbite, wounds, bedsores, bruises, etc.
Camphor ointment is used in veterinary medicine. In case of dislocations and sprains, the drug is rubbed on the affected areas.
For oral use, powders and tablets are made on the basis of camphor. Alcohol and oil solutions are applied externally.
Camphor medications are available over the counter. They are available in various dosage forms: an oil solution in ampoules of 20%, ointment, alcohol, a solution in paraffin oil, Camfocin.
When camphor cannot be used
In addition to useful properties, with excessive use of camphor, harm can be done. When applied externally, side reactions in the form of urticaria may occur.
Highly concentrated camphor can cause burns and inflammation if it comes into contact with sensitive areas.
Internal use of camphor oil should be strictly agreed with your doctor. Only a qualified technician can determine the dosage.
In case of an overdose, convulsions, hypertension, dizziness, migraine, vomiting and other similar symptoms may appear. It is forbidden to use camphor oil or alcohol during pregnancy and lactation, people prone to convulsive reactions.
The use of drugs based on camphor should be avoided for various disorders of the nervous system, which are accompanied by excessive overexcitation.
Video on how to properly isolate camphor from camphor alcohol for personal needs: