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How to plant a blue spruce on the site, three main ways

How to plant a blue spruce on the site, three main ways


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Conifers are the part of the garden that stays green almost all year round. But among the usual green conifers there are representatives that delight the eye with a gray, golden or blue color of the needles.

A classic of the genre is the use of blue spruces in landscaping. They give a solemn look not only to personal plots, but also to squares, squares, memorial alleys both in big cities and in small settlements. It remains to take a closer look at the features of the plant and figure out how to plant a blue spruce on your own.

Content:

  • Blue spruce
  • How to plant blue spruce with seeds and cuttings
  • How to plant a blue spruce seedling

Blue spruce

Blue spruce or prickly spruce is a representative of the Spruce genus from the Pine family. Among all plants of this genus, prickly spruce is not only slender, but undemanding to living conditions. She feels great at high altitudes, withstands strong enough winds and frosts. In the wild, this type of spruce is found in the western regions of North America.

The trees are large enough. In height, they easily overcome the mark of 40 m. The trunks are thick, they can be 1.0 m - 1.2 m thick. The crown is cone-shaped, the branches are strong. The needles are up to 30 mm long, tetrahedral and very prickly. They keep on branches up to 4 - 6 years. The color of the needles is from green to light silver. The older the needles are, the dimmer they are in color.

The cones of the blue spruce are cylindrical. Their length is from 5 to 10 cm, their thickness is up to 3 cm. At the beginning of ripening, the cones are light green or light yellow. As they mature, they turn brown in color. On the branches, the cones hold tightly and can remain on them until next fall. Spruce prickly is a real long-liver. In nature, there are specimens older than 300 years.

The high tolerance of dusty and gas-polluted air makes it popular in landscaping not only adjoining plots near private houses, but also urban areas. In order to grow blue spruce on your own, it is important to know that it reproduces both by cuttings and by seeds.

How to plant blue spruce with seeds and cuttings

To plant prickly spruce with seeds, you need to collect them. It is optimal to find representatives of this species in the city and collect fallen cones in February. Then place the buds in a dry, warm place to allow them to open. A place near heating appliances is best suited. When the buds open, remove the seeds and rinse them in water. Dry.

Then put the seeds in a bag and bury them in the snow or refrigerate for 8 weeks. A day - two before sowing, get the seeds and soak them in a solution of any fungicide. After 12 hours, dry the seeds and start sowing. Preliminarily add to the soil per sq. meter 30 g of limestone and 25 g of ammophos. Lightly tamp the ground with your hands or a special roller.

Spread the seeds over the surface and cover with a layer of peat mixed with coniferous sawdust. The layer thickness is about 1 cm.

If the seeds are sown in pots, then they should be embedded in the soil mixture to a depth of 15 mm. Then close everything with foil. After about ten days, the seeds of the blue spruce begin to germinate. Further care is to maintain moisture, this can be done by spraying twice a day in the first weeks after germination. Blue spruces, which are grown from seed, do not always inherit the blue color of the needles. It may be worth considering planting trees with cuttings.

Planting blue spruce cuttings

When planted with cuttings, all the decorative qualities of the mother plants are manifested in the seedlings. A tree at least 5 years old and no older than 10 is suitable for harvesting cuttings. Cuttings harvested from older trees take root much worse. In order to get a cutting, it is necessary to separate the lateral shoot together with the "heel" - a piece of wood from the main branch. The best time for grafting is early April - mid-May.

The harvested cuttings are planted in a pre-filled greenhouse. After about two months, root formation begins. 4 months after planting spring cuttings in the ground, the length of the roots is already more than 10 cm.In the first year, care is reduced to:

  • watering
  • weeding
  • airing
  • hardening
  • insulation for the winter

In the second year, weeding, watering and hardening are enough. In the third year, seedlings obtained from cuttings can be transplanted to a permanent place. It is important to take into account that the rooting rate even of cuttings harvested on time is no more than 50%. Perhaps the most convenient way is to purchase a ready-made blue spruce seedling in a special nursery.

How to plant a blue spruce seedling

In order for a blue spruce seedling to take root, it is better to choose a plant of at least 0.5 - 0.7 m in height with a closed root system. Land in a hole, the size of which is at least twice the size of the earthen coma. Fill the bottom of the pit with drainage to a height of about 10 cm. The most common crushed stone, crushed brick, will do. Then add the fertilized soil. It must be remembered that for dwarf and low-growing varieties of blue spruce, the soil needs moderately fertilized soil, and for large varieties more fertilized soil is suitable.

Place the seedling in the prepared hole and continue filling it with earth. It is required to ensure that the earth fills in the gaps between the roots. After that, the soil is compacted, well spilled with water and mulched. In order to reduce the windage and to avoid tilting the plant during watering, it can be attached with twine to the supports. In the future, blue spruce is watered regularly, but very sparingly in order to prevent moisture stagnation.

If before planting the pit was filled with fertilizers, then the young seedling does not need feeding in the first year of life. Thus, in order to plant and grow a blue spruce, a conifer lover has at least three main ways to grow this tree on his site.

Video about planting a blue spruce:


Watch the video: How to #3 How to plant a spruce transplanrt. (May 2022).