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Many gardeners appreciate the buzulnik for the beautiful flowering and appearance of the bush. Translated from Latin, buzulnik means "tongue". The plant does not require any special care.
- Description of the plant
- Reproduction methods
- Buzulnik care rules
Description of the plant
Buzulnik is a perennial herb, belongs to the Astrovye family. It can reach a height of more than a meter. Its stems are straight. Large, heart-shaped leaves grow on them, collected in a rosette. Their shade, depending on the variety, can be green, greenish-purple or red-brown.
The inflorescences of the buzulnik are in the form of a basket, which is about 7-8 cm in diameter. The flowers are tubular, bright yellow, orange and reddish. Flowering usually begins in late summer and lasts for 30 days. The plant has a fruit - crested achene. There are several varieties of toothed buzulnik:
- Desdemona variety. This variety can grow up to 1 meter in height. The leaves of the buzulnik of this variety are lilac-brown in color, and the flowers are fiery orange.
- Othello variety. The leaves are purple with a diameter of up to 50 cm.The inflorescences are bright orange in diameter and are 13 cm.
- Brit Marie Crawford. It differs from other types of varieties with rich red leaves. The inflorescences are yellow and bright.
- Osiris Fantasy variety. Refers to dwarf varieties. The plant does not exceed 50 cm in length. The outer part of the leaves is dark green, and the inner part is burgundy.
Buzulnik looks great alone or with other colors.
This plant is propagated in one of two ways:
- By dividing the bush
Sowing seeds directly into the soil should be done in the spring. The depth of the seed is not more than 1 cm. The soil must be well moistened until shoots appear. You can sow seeds in the fall. After winter, they will undergo stratification and the first seedlings will appear in the spring.
Sowing for seedlings must be carried out in January-March, and planting in the ground is performed after spring frosts. The perennial will begin to bloom only 3-4 years after planting. Propagating a plant in this way is quite difficult due to the collection and preparation of seed. The seeds are harvested in the fall. At the end of flowering, several inflorescences should be tied with gauze.
After they dry, you need to cut and bring into the room. Shake out there and clean from the remnants of flowers. If necessary, the seeds must be dried and poured into a bag or box.
The plant should be transplanted and divided every five years, although a buzulnik can grow in the same place for about 20 years. The transplant should be carried out in the spring during the period of active growth and the appearance of young leaves.
It is not necessary to dig up the plant completely. It is necessary with the help of a shovel to cut off part of the bush, which we subsequently dig out. After dividing, cover the mother plant with earth and water. Rinse the rag in water, and then divide it so that one bud remains on each bush. Places of cuts must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or crushed coal.
Next, you need to prepare a landing site. It is undesirable to choose sunny places for planting, since in such areas the buzulnik will constantly lack moisture. As a result, the plant will lose its attractive appearance. It is recommended to plant it near water bodies.
The planting of the delenka is carried out as follows: dig several holes 40x40 cm in size. They should be located 1-1.5 meters apart from each other. Then add top dressing: humus, ash and superphosphate in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. This method of breeding a buzulnik is the simplest and even a novice gardener can handle it.
Buzulnik care rules
The buzulnik has powerful leaves and many inflorescences that need to be watered regularly. Pruning of a perennial plant should be done at the end of the season, while removing the peduncles. To make the plant overwinter easier, you should remove the entire part of the bush that is above the ground. This procedure is performed before the onset of frost.
Buzulnik is very fond of feeding and fertilizing. The first feeding should be done at planting. For this purpose, humus is used. Further, before flowering begins, fertilizer is applied under each bush of the plant: a liquid mullein, diluted in 10 liters of water. The plant should be watered with such fertilizer every 2 weeks, 3 liters for each bush. It is important to remember that fertilizer is applied only under the bush. Contact with roots should be avoided.
Buzulnik care includes mulching. This procedure must be performed in mid-autumn using humus. Periodically, you can add a small amount of wood ash. Buzulnik is resistant to many pests and diseases. The leaves of the slug plant are most often affected. To get rid of them, sprinkle a few superphosphate granules under the plant.
In the case of the development of a fungal disease - powdery mildew, it is recommended to disinfect the leaves with a solution of potassium permanganate. Buzulnik is unpretentious in care, so even a novice florist will not experience any particular difficulties.
Buzulnik toothed in the video: