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Many people are mesmerized by the beauty of lilacs. But quite often people ask themselves the question, is lilac a bush or a tree? What's the correct answer?
- What are the popular varieties of lilacs?
- Is lilac a tree or a bush?
- How to propagate lilacs?
- What should be the conditions for growing lilacs?
What are the popular varieties of lilacs?
Lilacs belong to the olive family. She has family ties with ash, privet, jasmine. In the wild, this plant can be seen in the mountainous conditions of Europe, in China and the east. There are many varieties of lilacs. But the most popular are the following varieties:
- Amur lilac. This is a plant that grows up to 20 meters. It can often be found in the East or in the woodlands of China. It is decorated with small flowers of white or cream color. Flowering is late enough. This plant is not afraid of frost.
- Hungarian lilac. It can grow up to 4-6 meters in height. Its inflorescences are divided into tiers, which consist of purple flowers. This plant does not require special care, it tolerates drought normally.
- Velvety lilac. It is a small plant. The flowers are lilac. Flowering lasts only 10 days.
- Persian lilac. She doesn't grow tall. Flowers appear later, but flowering is long and abundant. It is worth protecting such lilacs from frost, as it reacts quite sensitively to them.
There are many hybrid varieties. These include Henry's lilac, Chinese lilac. The terry hyacinth variety looks original.
Is lilac a tree or a bush?
It is safe to say that lilac does not belong to trees, but to shrubs. If you cut it correctly, it will do just fine in appearance as an ornamental tree. But by nature it will remain a bush. The very name "lilac" comes from the Greek word. Translated into Russian, it means "pipe".
Some people associate this with the shape of the plant's flower, as it looks a bit like a small tube that is decorated with petals. But there is no exact data. Africa is considered the birthplace of lilacs. For this reason, flowering occurs in May or June, when it gets particularly hot. There are some original varieties that delight with their flowering 2 times a year. The second appearance of flowers falls on August. A lilac shrub has more than one trunk. This plant grows tall enough that it is often confused with a tree.
How to propagate lilacs?
To grow lilacs in your summer cottage, you do not need to report a lot of effort. This is an unpretentious plant. In a short time, it can take root in the place where it was planted. There are several shrub propagation methods that you can use. Reproduction using seeds. Seedlings appear rather slowly. Therefore, this breeding method is most often chosen for breeding work when new varieties are being developed.
Initially, the seeds are stratified for 30 days, and in the autumn they are planted in the grooves. Finally, cover them with a layer of mulch to protect them from frost. For seedlings to appear, you will need to wait at least a year.
After that, they are transplanted to a permanent place. Reproduction using cuttings. First, you need to cut them off when they bloom. After that, they are placed in moistened sand, creating a greenhouse environment. The main thing is that there is sufficient moisture, as this will accelerate the emergence of roots. When the roots appear, the plant can be transplanted to a permanent place. You can also wait and leave it for the winter.
Reproduction by layering. This procedure can only be done by experienced gardeners. It takes at least 3 years to get healthy cuttings. All vegetative methods make it possible to know from the very beginning what the future plant will be like. But reproduction using seeds is an experimental method that allows you to create unique varieties.
What should be the conditions for growing lilacs?
Despite the fact that lilac is not a demanding plant, it is nevertheless worth following some growing rules. Namely:
- Lilacs love light. For this reason, it is recommended to plant it in an open area. If the plant is in the shade, its growth will be slower.
- The shrub does not like it when moisture is retained. This will lead to decay of the root system, after which the plant will die.
- Lilac is not afraid of frost, but does not tolerate cold winds. Therefore, it is recommended to plant it where there are no drafts.
- There should be about 1.5 meters between each bush. If a person decided to create a hedge, then you can land closer.
A lilac transplant should be done at the end of summer. This is the perfect time to move your shrub out of your greenhouse to a permanent location. You can do this procedure in the spring. But this must be done even before the kidneys wake up. The bush loves fertile soil. When a plant is transplanted, experienced gardeners are advised to add compost or peat to the pit. Ash is added to reduce acidity.
When the bush is blooming, you should not transplant. Otherwise, it may not die or stop flowering for a couple of years. Lilac is a beautiful plant that can be a real decoration at a summer cottage. It will delight in the spring with its flowering and smell. Therefore, many people plant lilacs.
Lilac care video: