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An informational article about the ratibide plant is columnar. Perennial flowering plants have always attracted land owners and landscaping specialists.
Plants from the unpretentious category are especially popular, those about which it is customary to say that they were planted and forgotten. Ratibida columnar is from this category. It grows without requiring care, and every year it pleases the eye with its flowering. Let's try to find out which plant is behind this name.
- Ratibida columnar or mexican hat
- How to plant ratibida in the garden
- Features of growing ratibide
Ratibida columnar or mexican hat
The homeland of a plant with an unusual name is North America. In the wild, it is found from the prairies of Mexico to Canada. Ratibida columnar belongs to the genus Ratibida from the Asteraceae family. Life form is a herbaceous perennial.
In the wild, it prefers to settle in dry places, along roads and railways, and successfully grows on the prairies. Near a human dwelling, it can inhabit abandoned areas and wastelands.
The roots of the plant are powerful, rod-shaped with branches. Ground shoots from 0.6 m to 1.2 m in height. Stems and leaves are covered with glandular hairs. Leaves are green with a grayish tint.
The shape of the leaves is elongated, the leaf plates are pinnate or divided. The flowers are of two types. The marginal ligulate flowers are arranged in one row. Most often there are up to seven of them.
Reed flowers on an open inflorescence are bent back and down. Their color is most often yellow, brown, brown with a purple border or reddish brown. The median tubular flowers form a convex disc or cone. The middle flowers bloom gradually, from bottom to top. After 7-14 days, the length of the cone can be 4-5 cm.
At the beginning of flowering, the inflorescence is similar, similar to the flowers of the related echinacea and rudbeckia. The difference is in the convex middle of the flower. The shape of the flower resembles Mexican hats. At home in Mexico, the plant is called the Mexican hat. There are other names as well:
- flower thimble
- echinacea narrow-headed
- elongated ratibide
- columnar ratibide
Flowering time is the second half of summer, autumn. In cultural floriculture, it has been widespread since the beginning of the 19th century. Recently, it has been used in landscape design when decorating a site in a natural style. Grown in flower beds, along garden paths.
- Sombrero - ligulate flowers, claret-yellow, 3 cm long, the middle flowers are brown-black, form a cone 1 cm in diameter, 3 cm high.
- The prairie flower is yellow reed flowers, the middle ones are brown, the diameter of the inflorescence is 8 cm.
We will try to figure out how this flower multiplies and where it is better to plant it /
How to plant ratibida in the garden
The plant is not whimsical at all. Grows well in open, sunny places. It adapts to any type of soil, but it is best to choose areas with loamy slightly alkaline soils for ratibid. If the soils are heavy, clayey, then sand is needed. Winter hardiness is good, even when the plantings freeze out, they resume by self-sowing.
The main breeding method is sowing with seeds in open ground. You can also use young plants grown as a result of self-seeding. Dividing the bush is possible, but it is difficult to divide the taproot.
Three seeding options are possible:
- before winter
- in the spring on the frozen ground
- through seedlings for flowering in the year of planting
For spring sowing, the ratibide bed is prepared in the fall. When growing through seedlings and for spring sowing, the seeds must be aged for 5 weeks on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. When sown in autumn, the seeds undergo natural stratification.
Video about ratibide flower seeds:
The sowing bed is dug onto the bayonet of a shovel in the autumn. For digging, you can add wood ash, a glass per square meter is enough. m., you can add a bucket of compost. After digging, they pass through the bed with a rake to crush clods of earth. Before winter, seeds are sown superficially. This can be done in rows, placing them at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other. After that, the seeds are covered with a layer of sand of 1.0 cm - 1.5 cm. The sand can be pressed down with branches.
In the spring, sowing is carried out immediately after the snow melts on the frozen ground without embedding in the ground. In warm regions, the spring sowing time is in late February - early March. In temperate climates, sowing time is the end of March or the first decade of April.
Seedlings are sown in mid-February. Since the plant does not tolerate transplanting well, it is better to do this immediately in individual pots, which are covered with foil and kept in good light. Seedlings appear in about two weeks.
Features of growing ratibide
When growing ratibide, the grower should not have problems with the seeds. Having planted it once, you can harvest seeds yourself in the fall. In mid-September, dried boxes are collected for this. By crushing them over a piece of paper, they get seeds.
You can also plant young seedlings that have grown as a result of self-sowing. You need to dig them out carefully, along with an earthen clod. The plant should only be watered in very dry summers. It tolerates moderate drought well.
The plant does not need frequent feeding, with excessive fertilization, its green mass begins to increase, and flowering is either scarce or does not occur at all. Tall varieties of ratibids are used for cutting into bouquets. They stand very well, keeping a fresh look for up to 10 days.