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Bonsai craftsmanship is the cultivation of a graceful copy of a tree, mainly through the formation of a flat root system and a kind of crown. Live miniature in a flower pot is distinguished by its exact likeness of a real plant, small growth, cultivation at home.
- Breeding tips
- Selection and germination of seeds
- Preparing a place for planting seedlings
- Care after landing
- Forming a silhouette
Bonsai are living ornaments. In addition to the original design, they add freshness to the room, saturating and purifying it with air. Growing a tree is a creative, fun process. Giving freedom of imagination, it fills with pride for an extraordinary, one and only, copy.
It takes many years of painstaking work to get a beautiful dwarf plant. Grown from a seed, it will become completely your brainchild. Observing germination and further growth is a pleasant, calming, and joyful activity.
Seed planting steps include:
- seed selection
- soil preparation
When the decision to plant a bonsai has acquired a firm intention, it is necessary to decide on the breed of the future tree. It is better and more correct to choose species that do well in a given climatic region. For interior decoration of the premises, exotic species of the tropics are suitable.
Ficuses, coffee trees, shefflera are unpretentious in cultivation. Citrus and coniferous varieties are popular. Myrtle and pine give extraordinary beauty, fragrant specimens. The breed must necessarily "lie on the heart", tk. getting a beautiful bonsai is not a matter of one decade. It should not be annoying either by sight or smell for many years.
Selection and germination of seeds
The seed is taken fresh, 1 - 2 years old, with good germination. At home, the natural aging process can be created artificially. The effect of imitation is given by freezing seeds in the refrigerator in winter. With the onset of heat, they are kept in water for 6 hours, then placed in a plastic bag, where they are stored for 3 days at room temperature.
On the fourth day, viable specimens will swell and be ready for disembarkation. Empty ones must be selected and thrown away.
The sprouts are placed first in pots filled from below with a mixture of humus and sand (2: 1), then with a layer of real soil (1 cm). Remains about 3 cm to the upper limit of the container. From above, the soil is pressed with a pebble or a wooden stick, 2-3 seeds are laid on it, sprinkled with sand and watered.
Before planting the seeds, the planting mixture is treated with a fungicide. A greenhouse effect is created by covering the ground with plastic wrap or other material that transmits light. The air temperature for the development of strong seedlings is about + 15C.
Preparing a place for planting seedlings
Bonsai soil is used special. Heavy, moisture-absorbing substrate consists of fractions of 3 - 5 mm. It has essential nutrients and is breathable. In its pure form, Akadama (ready-made soil for bonsai) is rarely used. A mixture is prepared with clay, humus, sand.
Small, wide-diameter ceramic containers are ideal for dwarfs. Their roots are covered, they feel free, they are easily saturated with minerals from the air.
Care after landing
After planting the seeds, they constantly look after the developing sprouts, provide the necessary conditions:
- The seed pots are kept moist.
- Provide air flow to the soil, periodically opening. Holes can be made in the greenhouse material.
- When the first leaves appear, the seedlings are opened. When it gets stronger and gives out 3 - 4 leaves, it is transferred to a ceramic pot.
- The main root is shortened by 2/3 of the length.
- Feeding is carried out. For the first time, 1.5 months after the pick, then every week, while the tree is growing. In the initial period of growth - fertilizers with a low nitrogen content, then - with a high, then balanced composition until the beginning of winter. Stop feeding only sick specimens.
- Bonsai is very fond of light and free space. If the light is insufficient, the plant begins to stretch upward.
- A comfortable place - away from the effects of radiators, direct sunlight, and drafts.
Forming a silhouette
There are many styles of cute little ones. Mandatory rules for the formation of a crown in a bonsai:
- shape: horizontal tiers or conical
- foliage on tiers, or needles, as thick as possible. So each branch is provided with a stream of air and light.
To give the miniature the desired silhouette will help activities to create a bend, a picture of the bushes. To slow down growth, horizontal cuts are made, and thereby stop the movement of juices along the trunk. Fixing parts of the stem, twigs with special pegs or wire to the edge of the planting container is used.
You can start doing this from the first months of the rooting of the sprout in a permanent place. Bonsai is a growing tree placed in an artificial environment. It requires regular pruning, spraying, fertilization. Only a neat, patient person is able to wait for the result, perhaps for more than a dozen years.
A masterpiece created with your own hands will be the pride of not only the master himself, but also subsequent generations.
Video on how to form a bonsai: