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Clematis can be called the most beautiful climbing plants that adorn summer gardens. For more than a decade, flower lovers have been growing them in their backyards and summer cottages.
These curly flowers are mainly used to decorate gazebos or fences. Unfortunately, not everyone knows that different types of clematis need different types of autumn pruning and the organization of the correct winter shelter.
But this is precisely the main condition for the growth of the vegetative mass by the plant and the abundance of flowers on it next summer.
The article will tell you about the ways to properly prepare for the winter, when you need to cover them, about the correct pruning, how to remove the plant from the trellis, about the correct organization of winter insulation, about caring for a flower in winter.
- Features of preparing clematis for wintering
- Types of pruning
- Pruning methods depending on the type of plant
- How to remove clematis from a support
- Shelter for the winter
- How to keep young clematis
- How to care for clematis in winter
- How to properly remove the shelter from clematis
Features of preparation for wintering
Preparing clematis for winter is one of the important elements of caring for these amazing flowers. This process must be treated with great attention and done correctly.
The preparation process includes several stages:
Preparation should be started well in advance. The recommended period is late August - early September. Having started preparatory activities during this period, you can have time to carry them out efficiently and on time.
In autumn, before the clematis shelter, bushes and soil around them, for preventive purposes against the development of fungi, must be treated with a foundationol solution, dissolving 20 grams of the drug in 10 liters of water, sprinkle with wood ash and loosen the ground around the plant to a depth of 15 centimeters. The bush must be covered with peat, humus or compost, in the amount of 2-3 buckets.
Answering the question at what temperature it is necessary to cover clematis, experienced florists recommend doing this, at a temperature of 5-7 degrees below zero. For shelter, you need to use an air-dry method, this will help to avoid soaking and drying out of the roots.
In warm areas and where winters with frequent thaws, there is no need to insulate these flowers strongly. They need to be ventilated periodically.
Types of pruning
Pruning clematis in the fall is necessary for the full development and formation of roots. When carrying out this procedure, it is necessary to take into account the features inherent in various varieties of this perennial. Thanks to this, in the new season, he will delight his owners with an abundance of flowers.
It is highly recommended to prune the bush no later than 2-3 weeks before the onset of cold weather.
There are several types of cropping:
- sanitary - damaged and dried lashes are removed;
- shaping - the bush is shaped, contributes to the improvement of growth and the abundance of the formation of flower buds;
- winter - helps the bushes to endure the winter period, thanks to it, resistance to freezing increases.
Trimming these curly garden dwellers in the fall simplifies the process of warming for the winter, which will protect them from frost. In addition, such pruning helps to rejuvenate the bushes. In the spring, young shoots will grow on them, on which flower buds will form, but this rule does not apply to all varieties of clematis.
Pruning methods depending on the type of plant
The main role in pruning is played by the features associated with the formation of buds on the lashes of the shrub, and further flowering.
These flowers are divided into three groups:
- the formation of flowers occurs on the shoots that grew last year: Cardinal Rouge, Hegley Hybrid, Knyazhiki and others;
- buds are formed on stems that grew last season, from May to mid-July, and after that, buds that have formed on new stems begin to bloom: Minister, Ball of Flowers, Fair Rosamund, Dawn, President;
- the formation of buds occurs on the lashes that have grown in the new season: Jacqueman, Viticella, Victory Salute, Ville de Lyon, Gypsy Queen, Cosmic Melody, Cloud
Cutting bushes belonging to the first and second groups must be done with great care. It is necessary to leave the strong whips that have grown this year. Flowering buds will appear on them next summer. The stems of these plants are cut, leaving a height of 110-120 centimeters.
Along with this, you need to make sanitary pruning, removing dried, broken and damaged lashes. These garden flowers do not fall off dried leaves on their own, so they need to be cut with scissors during autumn pruning.
Plants that belong to the third group should be pruned almost completely, leaving shoots 18-20 centimeters in length, which corresponds to 2-3 buds. In the spring, it is from them that new shoots will begin to grow.
How to remove a vine from a support
It is especially difficult to remove a large thickened clematis bush from the support. To facilitate this task, it is necessary to tie up young lashes to a support from the spring on one side.
They cannot be intertwined with the support rods. During the summer period, they will grow strongly and intertwine so that in the fall, without breaking them, it will not be possible to remove them.
With a similar method of garter, when the time comes to remove the bush from the trellis, it will be necessary to cut it at a height of about 1.5 meters, and then cut the ropes with which the shoots were tied. Along with this, it is imperative to cut off all the leaves with which the plant holds onto the trellis.
Shelter for the winter
You can insulate clematis for the winter in the same way as grapes. The only difference is the timing. It is necessary to insulate the flower much later than the grapes. You need to cover curly flowers in late October - early November, and in some areas of our country, these activities can be carried out at a later date.
The plant is able to easily endure the first small frosts, but it still needs to be insulated. In areas with little snowy winters, flower shoots are prone to freezing.
You need to cover it by cutting and processing the lashes of the plant. There are several methods of insulation. Their application depends on various factors. For this, branches, peat, sawdust, dry leaves, and some of artificial materials are perfect. It will not be bad if dry earth is poured onto a layer of insulation, and when a snow cover appears, pour more snow onto a heap.
It is very important that the insulation is not dense; air must be provided to the plant. If this is not done, then it is possible that by the spring the plant will spray.
The variety of the plant and the method of forming flower buds on it are reflected in the quality and method of its insulation:
- when flowering on last year's shoots, it is necessary to take into account the level of frost resistance of this type of clematis. Frost-resistant varieties are widespread; they are often left to winter without being removed from their supports. Flowers of such varieties must be spud in the fall. This will help protect the roots from frost damage. A slide poured onto a bush of earth or ventilated peat should be about 40 centimeters, for this it is recommended to use only dry soil;
- if the formation of buds occurs on young and last year's sprouts - after pruning measures, they must be removed from the support for the winter, spud, thus, as in the first version, gently roll the shoots into a ring, place them on the ground, sprinkle with dry leaves. In addition, the resulting hill must be covered with lutrasil or agrofibre;
- when the plant belongs to the group when the buds are formed on young shoots - after pruning, the bush only needs to be spud. There is no need to cover the plant.
How to keep young clematis
To preserve a young plant in winter, you must adhere to such rules as:
- in the fall, subject the lash to pruning, leaving 3-4 buds on the shoots, regardless of whether it belongs to the type of bud formation;
- cover with branches, and then with plastic wrap, which will protect the sprout from excessive moisture. Before insulation, be sure to cover the bush with dry earth;
- a small young plant can be covered with a large flower pot, which can be furnished with spruce branches on top, covered with wood shavings, sawdust.
How to care for clematis in winter
Provided that all trimming and insulation measures were carried out in a timely manner and correctly, there will be no need to care for them in the winter. But in the case of a cold and little snowy winter, it is necessary to warm up the snow on the bushes.
In a warm winter, you need to control whether the bushes are flooded with water. In the event of a similar situation, you need to put something under the shoots, maybe boards or pieces of foam, which will protect them from falling into the ice.
Along with this, there is a possibility that small rodents - mice - will start under the shelter. If there are traces of their appearance, you need to scatter the poison. These pests can chew on flower sprouts.
How to properly remove the shelter from clematis
It is necessary to remove the shelter from the plants with the onset of warm weather, even if stable temperature drops persist at night. Most of all, clematis are afraid of thaw and excess moisture. This contributes to their damping off. Bushes just need fresh air. Usually, they begin to remove the insulation from the plants in April, and finish in May.
They need to gradually adapt and become accustomed to sunlight.
Removal of insulation is divided into several stages, dividing them into several days. Open the ventilation holes first. It is produced only on warm days. The film and the top layer of insulation are removed after the threat of severe night frosts and snowfalls has passed.
There is no need to rush to harvest hilling. Plants need to get used to new conditions. After a few days, part of the embankment can be removed. The rest of the land can be removed only after the night frost has completely disappeared.
Sometimes in the spring, after removing the shelter, it turns out that the flower has not survived and has disappeared, but there is no need to rush to dig out the root, there is a possibility that after 2-3 years it will start growing again. The dormant buds will be activated and clematis will grow again and delight with its flowering. If the bush does not show signs of life during the summer, it must be insulated in the fall, and in the spring, it may give shoots.
Some growers transplant clematis to new places in the spring, choosing a sunny place where the shade appears in the afternoon. The soil in the new place should be moderately moist, the content of clay and sand in it should not be high.
Before planting clematis bushes, you need to deeply loosen the soil. This is done to ensure good drainage, which is beneficial for the development and growth of clematis. It is imperative to install trellises to provide support for the shoots.
In the spring, the flower needs help to regain its strength after winter, activate metabolic processes after the winter slowdown, and begin to grow actively. Frequent watering will help with this. Florists call this process "casting."
Fertilizers, both mineral and organic, will be useful.
Clematis are beautiful garden flowers, with proper care they will delight their owners for more than one year. When purchasing seedlings of a plant, do not forget to clarify their belonging to the winter hardiness zone, because this is the main reason why the plant may not survive the winter and die.
How to properly trim clematis for the winter, you can learn from the video: