Also

How to choose a pot for cyclamen when transplanting, rules for caring for cyclamen

 How to choose a pot for cyclamen when transplanting, rules for caring for cyclamen


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Cyclamen is a rather demanding plant to care for, which does not tolerate transplanting well. Therefore, the process of choosing a pot for a plant should be approached quite carefully in order to smooth out the negative effect of a transplant on a flower.

Content:

  1. Which pot to choose for transplanting cyclamen?
  2. Planting rules, how to transplant cyclamen after purchase
  3. We use ready-made purchased land for planting cyclamen or prepare the soil ourselves
  4. The main secrets of caring for cyclamen after transplant
  5. Summer and winter care
  6. Disease and pest control

Which pot to choose for transplanting cyclamen?

Cyclamen is a herbaceous perennial plant widespread in many countries. It also has another name: alpine violet. Under natural conditions, it is distributed in European countries, in Asia Minor, the Mediterranean latitudes and in Iran.

The varieties bred by breeders are very decorative: there are many silvery lines and patterns on the green foliage, flowers of pink, white, lilac, crimson shades are located on long peduncles, bloom in the winter months and sometimes in early spring.

For a successful plant transplant, 3 points are required:

  • choose the right pot;
  • choose a suitable soil;
  • take care of drainage.

Pot selection is very important for growing a beautiful, healthy cyclamen. If you pick up a small container, then the root system will grow quickly enough and you will have to prepare for a new transplant, which the flower does not like so much.

Large leads to acidification of the soil and to the appearance of root rot, in such a container the plant does not bloom well.

For a standard bush at the age of 3 years, a container with a diameter of 14 - 16 cm is ideal, for plants of 1 - 2 years, a diameter of about 8 cm is also suitable.It is advisable that between the roots and the walls there is no more than 2 - 3 cm.

If you have chosen a previously used pot, be sure to disinfect it. There should always be drainage holes in the bottom of the container for planting a flower.

Planting rules, how to transplant cyclamen after purchase

When transplanting, flower growers should adhere to several rules:

  • The best time to transplant is during the summer months when the plant is not dormant.
  • It is best to replant after small fresh leaves appear on the tubers.
  • Blooming cyclamen should not be transplanted, it is worth waiting for the end of flowering, even if the plant is just purchased.
  • Use the transshipment method.
  • Don't choose a pot that is too large.

Purchased plants almost always need to be replanted, especially if they were brought from abroad. For sale, they are placed in a special substrate, since it is forbidden to transport flowers in the ground, and this mixture is not enough for full growth and development.

When filling the pot with soil, do not tamp it, it should be loose and allow oxygen to pass through. The alpine violet is transplanted by the transshipment method, that is, together with a lump of earth.

The flower should be kept in the center of the pot and lightly in weight so as not to spoil the roots, and then carefully spread the entire root system and sprinkle the roots with soil on all sides. Then the soil is watered, and after the moisture has been absorbed, the rest of the soil is poured and watered again a little.

The tuber is deepened or left above the surface, depending on the species: the roots of the Persian cyclamen grow deeper, so the tuber must remain 1/3 on the surface, it cannot be completely covered with earth.

And for the European species, in which the roots are located on the surface, the tuber is deepened.

We use ready-made purchased land for planting cyclamen or prepare the soil ourselves

For alpine violets, it is important, after transplanting, to provide better quality soil than in which it grew.

The soil mixture for a capricious flower does not have to be purchased in specialized stores, it is easy to make it yourself in the following ways:

  • leafy soil, humus, sand 2: 1: 1;
  • sod soil, perlite, sand 2: 1: 1.

The main thing is that the soil is not sour and light. Soils containing peat should be avoided as the maximum acidity level is 7 ph and peat is acidic.

The substrate for planting is pre-disinfected, calcined in the oven for an hour to protect against fungal diseases. For beginners and inexperienced florists, it is easier, of course, to purchase a ready-made substrate in a flower shop.

A drainage layer must be laid on the bottom of the selected pot: gravel, pebbles, expanded clay.

The main secrets of caring for cyclamen after transplant

The main principles of care are reduced to the following rules:

Lighting

Cyclamen is photophilous, but direct sunlight is harmful to it. The most suitable light is diffused, slightly shaded, and the best place for location is the east and west windows of the apartment. If it is possible to grow only on northern windows, add lighting, as there will be a lack of light.

Watering

There are 2 methods of watering, which have several secrets:

  • it is not advisable to get moisture on the root and tuber, but only through the pallet or along the edge of the pot.
  • the optimal watering temperature is 18-20 degrees, slightly below room temperature.
  • after the flowering period, perennials are watered less often;
  • an hour after watering, all the accumulated water is poured from the pan: this technique will help protect the flower from decay of the root system;
  • in the summer, the foliage begins to turn yellow, and the tuber becomes bare. At this time, the number of waterings is reduced to a minimum.

It is important not to allow excessive moisture, for alpine violets this is much worse than drying out. If a lump of earth in a pot is too dry, it is transferred and placed in a basin of water for 1 - 2 hours, while the water level should be 3 - 4 cm below the sides of the pot.After this procedure, the container is wiped off, put in place, and after an hour drain moisture from the pallet.

Microclimate

In summer, room temperature is preferable: 18 - 22 degrees, and in winter it is desirable to decrease to 12 degrees, in such a climate the flower will grow well and bloom profusely.

Heat and very dry air have a negative effect on it; regular spraying from a spray bottle will help to avoid this effect, but most importantly, do not get moisture on the tuber. But during the formation of buds and flowering, this cannot be done.

To save yourself from the heat, the container can be placed in a pallet with damp moss.

Winter and summer care

The winter period is characterized by abundant flowering and active growth, which means that especially careful care of the perennial is required:

  • The temperature regime should be in the range of 12-14 degrees, but not higher than 20, since high temperatures contribute to foliage falling and a faster transition to a dormant period.
  • Irrigation water is used below room temperature
  • The introduction of the first top dressing is advisable when the height of the peduncle reaches 10 cm, and after 10 days it is done again. As a fertilizer, a gibberplin solution of 0.01 is used per leaf.

Summer time is characterized by the transition of the flower to the dormant period: the foliage falls and withers, the tuber is exposed. At this time, it is best to transfer the container with it to a cool, dark place: it can be a basement, a cellar.

The number of waterings is gradually reduced, but the state of the earthen coma is monitored.

The dormant period lasts 60 - 90 days, after which the alpine violet passes into the stage of active vegetation. It is returned to its original place of cultivation, watered moderately, increasing the amount of watering.

Disease and pest control

If the rules of care in the soil are not followed, a favorable environment is formed for the appearance and reproduction of bacteria and viruses, it is worth carefully examining the flower and soil for:

  1. Withering, dropping foliage. Such a phenomenon can happen with abrupt changes in the microclimate in the room, excessive watering, severe drying out of the soil, with a lack of nutrients in the soil mixture. But do not forget that during a dormant period, such a phenomenon is absolutely normal.
  2. The appearance of rot. It is provoked by excessive fertilization, excessive watering. If you notice a gray coating on the sheets or brown spots, remove the affected parts, transplant into another container and treat with a fungicide.
  3. Late blight rot does not allow the peduncles and lower leaves to grow, they begin to dry out, the tubers also dry out. Late blight is fought with a group of fungicides (ridomir, previcur).
  4. Fusarium wilt is another unpleasant phenomenon that leads to yellowing and drying of the foliage due to root damage. Such a disease provokes a sharp change in the state of the soil: after abundant watering, prolonged drying out and vice versa.

Insects are also sometimes found on cyclamen:

  • Mite. It looks like a layer of settled dust, lives and feeds on the back of the leaves, as a result of which they deform and dry out.
  • Thrips are visible to the naked eye: white dots and dry edges can be seen on the foliage. It is difficult to fight with them, as they often "go" down. Requires insecticide treatment and quarantine.

A bright, sophisticated cyclamen, being a rather whimsical plant to care for, still deserves great love of flower growers for their person.

Abundant flowering, unusual buds and bright colors bring many pleasant impressions to the owners of these beautiful flowers.

And a large number of folk signs reward him with the strength to resist the evil eye, diseases and bring love and peace in the house.

You will learn all the subtleties of care and transplantation of cyclamen by watching the video:


Watch the video: CYCLAMEN CARE AFTER BLOOMING - Guide to indoor cultivars (May 2022).