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There are many varieties of lemon, about two hundred, but not all of them are recommended to be grown at home. Among these, experts call: Novogruzinsky lemon, Panderoza, Meyer.
- Description of the lemon variety Novogruzinsky
- Lemon planting rules
- Care: watering, feeding, temperature
- How to form a crown of a Novogoruzinsky lemon
- Diseases and pests
Description of the lemon variety Novogruzinsky
Among indoor plants, representatives of this species will not differ in small dimensions. An adult tree can reach one and a half to two meters in height. A well-formed crown with shiny bright green leaves of a graceful elongated shape looks extremely attractive.
The Novogruzinsky lemon blooms very beautifully, the flower petals are large, with a light purple tint, with a very pleasant aroma. There are many fruits, in ripe form they have a glossy skin and a very pleasant, pronounced smell. The yield of the tree is high; it can produce dozens of fruits per year. Lemon of this variety can start flowering 4-5 years after planting.
Fruiting occurs annually. The fruits are quite large, weighing up to 120 g, have an oval shape.
Juicy, sour in taste, the pulp contains a mass of useful substances, including:
- vitamin C
- citric acid
On the positive side, the plant can withstand dry air in the apartment, which is observed during the heating season.
A lemon was bred in Sukhumi; an employee of the local experimental station, the famous breeder Murri, worked on its creation.
Lemon planting rules
If you wish, you can grow a tree from a stone, you can also buy a New Georgian lemon in a flower shop, its seedlings are often sold as indoor plants.
If you plan to grow from a stone, then you will need to find the fruit of this particular variety. To get the correct result, it is better to remove a few seeds and plant them in a container with soil.
The procedure is recommended to follow the following:
- drain holes are made in the lower part of a small container
- the bottom is covered with expanded clay
- then there is a layer of soil, it is advisable to purchase in a flower shop, suitable specifically for growing lemon
- the soil is lightly watered with warm water
- the seeds deepen by about 2 cm
It is recommended to maintain the temperature within +20 С, periodically moisten the soil. It will take about 2-3 weeks to wait for shoots.
Seedlings require special attention, systematic watering and loosening of the soil.
They are seated in separate containers after the appearance of real leaves. After planting, cover with a jar, ventilate daily.
Grown plants are transplanted into large pots in diameter. When planting, make sure that the root collar does not sink into the ground. This will prevent the development of putrefactive processes.
Care: watering, feeding, temperature
Reviews of the Novogruzinsky lemon once again confirm that the variety can be used for growing indoors. The tree itself looks very decorative, fits well into any interior style. Attractive moments are high productivity and low demands on the environment.
Of course, in order for a lemon to please with fruits, you will need to create some conditions for its maintenance.
It is best to place a pot with a plant near windows facing south or east. In the very sun, the windows will need to be shaded a little.
In order for the crown to form evenly every one and a half weeks, the container with the plant is turned 10 degrees. Throughout the winter, the plant requires rest: it is recommended to reduce watering, daylight hours during this period should be about 6 hours, the temperature can be lowered by several degrees.
The rules for caring for indoor lemon of the Novogruzinsky variety do not differ much from the standard recommendations for caring for lemon trees.
Ideally, the temperature is regulated depending on the stage of the plant's development and the time of year. For example, during the first three years of life, the plant needs +17 +18 C.
With the onset of flowering, the temperature can fluctuate between +14 C +18 C, with a strong increase, the plant can shed flowers. Fruit growth most actively occurs at +20 +22 C, the optimal winter temperature is within +15 C.
In summer, a pot with lemon can be kept in the garden or on the balcony, provided that:
- the plant will not be in drafts, under the scorching sun,
- it will not be affected by strong winds or sudden changes in temperature.
If there is a threat of a sharp cold snap, it is advisable to bring the pot into the house by nightfall or build a shelter over it.
The active growth of the tree is observed in summer, a decrease in temperature is a signal of the beginning of a dormant period.
It is impossible to place a flowerpot next to working heating devices!
A sufficient amount of moisture ensures the normal development of the root system and crown, timely flowering and ripening of fruits.
The volume of water and the frequency of watering are determined by the growth activity:
- from mid-spring to mid-autumn, watering the plant is required daily
- in the cold season - once a week
It is impossible to allow excess moisture in winter - putrefactive processes can develop on the roots, and foliage can also suffer.
The water should be settled, the temperature is from 20 to 24 C. It is also recommended to arrange spraying of the leaves - in the summer, 2 times in non-oil, in the winter - 2 times a month, it is not recommended to moisten the leaves too much.
A rapidly developing plant greatly depletes the soil, so the seedlings require systematic feeding. In the warm season, it will be necessary to apply minerals every 15-20 days; in winter, fertilizers are not required. But if the rest period for the plant is not organized, then feeding is carried out once a month.
Mineral dressings should contain:
- copper and phosphorus
- potassium and iron
- magnesium and calcium
From organic matter, it is recommended to use a diluted infusion of manure.
Before fertilizing, the plant is watered. The dressings themselves are made in the form of solutions.
A delay in the beginning of fruiting may indicate a lack of phosphorus, respectively, the composition of mineral dressings will need to be adjusted.
How to form a crown of Novogoruzinsky lemon
The formation of the crown is done by correct pruning of the branches. For an ornamental plant, a neat, rounded shape is a suitable option. If the owners plan to get fruit, then it will be necessary to ensure the availability of a sufficient number of lateral fruit shoots.
In pursuit of such goals, they produce pinching: zero shoot, upon reaching a height of 25 cm
the next is done after 20 cm. In the area between the pinches there should be 4 buds from which branches will develop.
First-order shoots are pinched at a height of 26-30 cm, after harvesting they are cut below the pinching point.
Further, pinching is carried out taking into account that the length of the subsequent shoot should be 5 cm less than the previous one.
The formation of fruit buds occurs on shoots of the 3rd and 4th orders. If you abandon the pinching procedure, then the branches will grow longer, the process of forming fruit-bearing areas will slow down.
Withered or dying branches, as well as weak ones, are subject to mandatory removal.
Diseases and pests
The reason for the poor health of the plant can be:
- improper care
Let's take a look at common problems.
Yellowing of leaves
The reason may be too dry air or lack of minerals in the soil. The same symptom can be observed with an invasion of a spider mite.
It is not difficult to prevent the problem:
- the tree is recommended to be systematically sprayed with water
- make complex feeding
- do not install a flowerpot with a plant near heating appliances
- in the case of insects, it is necessary to treat with insecticides
It can be observed with a spider mite lesion. When the leaves dry and fall off, the amount of watering should be increased, the plant may lack moisture.
The tips of the leaves dry up
Perhaps watering is done in too small amounts, or the plant has little light.
Dry spots all over the sheet
This is usually the result of sunburn.
Of the pests, lemon is most often attacked by:
- mealy worms
To destroy pests, insecticides are used; from folk remedies, watering with a tincture of garlic can be recommended.
Growing a lemon indoors is not difficult, but in order to get a fruiting tree, you will need to study the rules of care and provide appropriate conditions for keeping.
We offer you to watch an interesting video about the formation of a dimona tree: