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Among the huge number of new varieties, Weigela red occupies an important place. An amazingly graceful and vibrant plant can become a real pearl of the garden.
However, it is important to remember that caring for this shrub includes a number of features that should not be forgotten.
- Weigela red: description of the plant
- Varieties and types of weigela, photo of a flowering plant
- Where to buy, how to plant weigela
- Care features
- Pests and diseases: control and prevention measures
- Weigela after flowering, care and collection of seeds
- Correct organization of wintering, winter-hardy varieties of weigela
- Weigela in landscape design
Weigela red: description of the plant
This shrub belongs to the honeysuckle family. It got its name from the famous German botanist Christian von Weigel.
In its natural environment, it is found in the territory of Southeast Asia. Of the fifteen known species, only seven are used in horticulture.
The plant is unpretentious, loves moisture and develops well in the shade.
Other features include:
- Leaves are arranged oppositely on cuttings without stipules. The edges of the leaf blade are serrated;
- The average length of the buds reaches 5 cm. Flowers are solitary or are located in loose inflorescences;
- The color of the buds varies from light cream to carmine. Moreover, during flowering, the color gradually darkens;
- The fruit is a bivalve capsule containing small seeds;
- The height may differ depending on the species, but rarely exceeds one and a half meters, although especially large species can grow up to 3 m.
Coming from warm regions, it does not tolerate winter well, therefore it is recommended to cover it during frosty winters. The exception is winter-hardy varieties that tolerate a drop in temperature with minimal damage to themselves.
Varieties and types of weigela, photo of a flowering plant
Varietal and species diversity allows you to create a wide variety of flower arrangements.
The most common are:
- Blooming - came to the territory of Europe from Japan. One of the tallest species, can reach 3 m, grows well in shaded areas. Blossoming lasts from May to June, the buds are pink. It is important to take into account that Blossoming does not tolerate stagnant water, so watering should be moderate;
- Hybrid - it has a loose structure of inflorescences, a dark pink shade, appears in early spring and lasts until early summer. Differs in juicy green leaves. A must in the care of the Hybrid is the drainage of the roots, to ensure the outflow of excess moisture;
- Bristol Red is a frost-resistant variety with ruby or lilac-pink buds. Height can reach 3 m, it develops especially well on moist, nutrient-rich soils;
- Alexandra is one of the slow-growing representatives, differing in leaf color, which ranges from dark green to black. The buds are red or dark pink, thrives under moderate light and watering. Despite the fact that she tolerates winter well, it is difficult to attribute Alexander to frost-resistant varieties, it is recommended to cover the shrub in frosty winters;
- Variegated - it is distinguished by a variegated color of foliage, a tubular flower. The buds are colored pink, sometimes there are double shades;
- Middendorf - it is distinguished by beautiful pale yellow or white flowers that cover the entire shrub. It seems that the bush is completely covered with buds;
- Rumba is a rather rare variety that is not easy to find. Differs in small buds of a light pink hue.
When choosing a variety of weigela, it is recommended to pay special attention to the features of the plant, to study the photos, there are enough of them on the Internet. Despite the external similarity, the care may differ, which should be taken into account.
For more information about red weigel and other plant varieties, see the video:
Where to buy, how to plant weigela
You can buy a seedling in a specialized store, or order it on the Internet. However, when choosing the second option, it is recommended to use trusted sites. Otherwise, there is a danger of stumbling upon scammers or getting low quality seedlings.
If the seedlings have already been purchased, do not relax. Planting is an important stage that determines the intensity of growth and flowering.
For a successful disembarkation, it is recommended:
- To choose the right site, the shrub prefers medium illumination, takes root in shaded places, but does not tolerate drafts badly. The best option is the southern section, which is located on a small hill;
- It is recommended to plant in open ground in the spring, after the soil has warmed up enough, but the buds have not yet had time to swell;
- To prepare the soil, a loose substrate, rich in humus, with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction is best;
- When preparing wells, it is recommended to take into account the quality of the substrate. If it is rich in nutrients, it is enough to dig a hole up to half a meter deep, but if the soil is poor, you need to dig deeper;
- If the selected variety is large, the distance between the bushes should be at least one and a half meters. For little ones, 80 cm is enough;
- After the hole is ready, put 15 cm of small stones for drainage on the bottom, sprinkle a layer of nitrophoska on top at the rate of 100 g per one and a half buckets of compost;
- Before direct planting, it is recommended to treat the roots of the shrub with a growth stimulant;
- Place the seedlings in the hole, carefully spread the roots and cover with soil. In this case, it is important to ensure that the root collar remains above the soil for a few centimeters. After subsidence of the soil, it will lower and level with the ground level;
- After planting, thoroughly water and sprinkle the soil with mulch. Repeat watering for four days.
After planting, it is important to systematically water the young seedlings. If the summer is hot, watering should be abundant.
Caring for a weigela is not as difficult as it might seem at the first time. It is enough to adhere to a number of simple rules and not forget about some of the specific features of plants.
So care includes:
- Systematic watering, which must be moderate. Water stagnation should not be allowed, this can lead to decay of the roots. If the winter was little snow, in the spring it is recommended to pour 10 liters of water under each bush. In summer droughts, weekly watering of the plants is recommended in a bucket under each;
- After watering, it is important not to forget to loosen the soil, removing the weeds that clog the bushes. This must be done with care so as not to damage the root;
- Systematic pruning of damaged and redundant branches;
- Fertilization. After planting with nitrophoska and compost, you can forget about fertilizing for several years and only in the third year by spring it is recommended to apply fertilizer. To do this, you can use a mixture of urea - 20 g, potassium salt and superphosphate, 10 g per square meter. The second top dressing will be beneficial during the budding period (3 g of superphosphate for each bush). This will ensure abundant flowering and tillering. The third top dressing is recommended in the fall, 200 g of wood ash per square meter.
Subject to these simple rules, weigela will delight you with lush and long flowering. In addition, proper care increases the resistance of the plant, which means there will be much less problems with it.
Since it is a shrub plant, systematic pruning is necessary for it. So young bushes need sanitary cutting of broken, cold-damaged or just extra branches.
Older shrubs, in addition to sanitary, also need formative pruning. To do this, after the flowering period has passed, you need to trim the bush. It is important to have time to carry out pruning before the formation of new shoots, on which new buds are later formed. Otherwise, you should not wait for re-flowering this summer.
In addition to sanitary and formative, there is also anti-aging pruning. It is recommended to carry it out once every three years, removing old branches and shortening the rest, not a third.
Systematic pruning of the shrub will prevent the development of diseases in the bark of old branches. In some cases, cutting off the shoots completely will be helpful. There is no need to worry, weigela, after such a radical haircut, is renewed quickly.
Pruning will not take much time, but, carried out annually, will show significant results, delighting with lush flowering and active growth.
Pests and diseases: control and prevention measures
Although it is a fairly hardy plant, it can be affected by pests or disease. It is possible to understand that something is wrong with the bush because of the foliage that begins to fall off, become covered with a white bloom or spots of purple or brown color.
The most common problems include:
- Aphid and worm attacks, which will help to cope with an insecticide, or an infusion of bitter pepper, potato tops;
- A mixture of lime and copper sulfate, Topsin, will help from spotting on the leaves;
- The withering of seedlings is often provoked by the larvae of the May beetle or the bear that fell into the hole along with the compost. Aktara or karbofos can get rid of this problem, with which you need to water the seedling;
- Root cancer is the most dangerous disease that cannot be dealt with. The disease can be recognized by the formation of round swellings on the roots. With the development of this disease, it is recommended to dig up the affected bush in order to protect others. It is not worth planting a healthy weigela in the same place, since in the first few years the soil will keep the disease in itself.
In prevention, systematic pruning of old branches and mechanical inspection of shrubs will be effective. Noticing a problem in time is the first step to success, since in the initial stages it is much easier to cope with defeat.
Weigela after flowering, care and collection of seeds
The seeds ripen at the beginning of autumn, but do not rush to collect it, it is carried out only in October, after the beginning of cracking of the bolls. In September, so that the seeds do not wake up on the ground, it is recommended to carefully wrap the boxes in gauze so that such a "bundle" is cut off afterwards.
From the cut box, the gauze must be removed and the resulting seeds must be poured onto paper to dry. After the excess moisture has evaporated, they must be removed in a paper bag, on which it is imperative to write down the variety and set the assembly time. Packaged planting material is recommended to be stored in a dry, dark place until spring.
It is important to consider that the seeds remain viable for several years. At the same time, plants grown from seeds often lose the distinctive features of the mother bush.
Correct organization of wintering, winter-hardy varieties of weigela
Properly organized wintering is a guarantee that the shrub will endure the winter cold with minimal damage. After the leaves fall off, it is recommended to cover the trunk circle with soil to a height of up to 20 cm. The branches must be bent to the ground and secured by covering the shrub from above with roofing felt. The cover should also be fixed so as not to be demolished.
Despite the fact that initially weigela is a rather heat-loving plant that does not tolerate a cold snap, there are several representatives that are relatively frost-resistant.
|Early||I got to Europe from the Far East. Differs in purple-scarlet or lilac-pinkish funnel-shaped buds, collected in inflorescences. The average height reaches several meters, the leaves are pubescent.|
|Middendorf||In its natural environment, it is distributed in Japan, Sakhalin and China. The branches of the shrub are compact, the average height varies from one meter to one and a half. The buds are large, up to 4 cm in diameter.|
|Blooming||Originally from China and Korea, it endures cold snaps, reaches a height of 3 m. It is distinguished by beautiful flowering, the color of the buds can be either white or dark scarlet.|
If there are no winter-hardy representatives in the garden, and you do not want to lose the plant, you should take care of the shelter of the shrub.
Another interesting feature of weigela is the fact that frostbitten branches very quickly replace new ones and the damage is almost invisible.
We offer you to watch an interesting video about the features of caring for weigela:
Weigela in landscape design
Lush foliage and abundant flowering could not go unnoticed by landscape designers. Weigela has long and firmly entered many garden compositions.
So, it is often used:
- To create a bright hedge that is easy to shape and looks pretty impressive while respecting the distance between adjacent bushes;
- On alpine slides, on which undersized varieties look great, adding color and airiness;
- When forming compositions, the bushes look spectacular in combination with junipers and barberry. Suitable for growing in shaded areas under trees;
- On mixborders, where varieties with a compact crown are perfectly combined with spring flowers;
- A single landing, which looks especially impressive against the background of the lawn.
The lush flowering of the plant could not go unnoticed by specialists and amateurs. The variety of varieties provides a unique opportunity to create something completely unique.
Weigela is a beautiful plant, recognized by gardeners for its abundant flowering, variety of varieties and lush bushes that are easy to form. Unpretentious and persistent, in leaving it requires minimal effort, the result of which will not be long in coming.